Sugar Apple (Hanun scaly): useful properties and calorie
Read about the exotic fruit called sugar Apple (Hanun scaly) or on the Thai – Noi Na. How to eat, useful properties and calorie content. Also the damage from overeating noinah.
Custard Apple or “Sugar Apple” (lat. apopa squamosa) is a deciduous fruit tree of the family Andonova (Annonaceae). Thai name – Noi Na (noinah). In India it is called sharifa, in China – fan-li-chi, ati in Brazil. In Russia the fruit is known as “the hand of the flake” (from lat. name of the species) or creamy apples.
The exact origin of this plant is unknown. Presumably, like many of appease, noina was born in South America. And today the sugar Apple is widely cultivated in South and Central America, the Caribbean Islands, in Thailand. In India sugar Apple brought the Portuguese in the late 16th century. At that time it was already grown in Indonesia and widely distributed in southern China, Polynesia, Australia, Tropical Africa, the lowlands of Palestine, in Egypt and in the Hawaiian Islands. In addition, this fruit is one of the most popular fruits in Brazil. This fruit there are in high demand, and can be found in any market or market.
Description annony scaly: the tree and the fruit
The tree reaches a height of 3 to 6 m, with open foliage and zigzag branches. Its dull green leaves are on petioles korotkopushistye. Biseriate, oblong, and about 5-15 cm in length. Small (2-4 cm) fragrant flowers grow along the branches singly or in groups of a few. The outside and inside with dark red or purple spot at the base. Consist of three external yellow-green petals and three tiny inner pale yellow. Never, even in the period of pollination that does not open fully.
Sugar Apple is a large, (about 300-350 g), can be round, oblong or conical shape. In length reaches up to 10 cm bumpy Skin consists of convex segments and may be painted in pale green, bluish-green or gray-green color. Inside hides a fibrous cream-colored juicy flesh the color of milk that has the delicious taste and aroma. Each segment contains a single oblong seed. The season of gathering noina falls in the period from June to September. The ripened fruit is very soft, with a thin skin, easily damaged. Over-ripe sugar apples are revealed, exposing the seeds.
How and what to eat in sugar Apple
The pulp of ripe fruits edible Noi Na. The consistency is very similar to applesauce. The skin, like bones in food are not used. To access ripe Thai fruit is easy: just break it in half or open the scales of the skin. Some noinu eat with a spoon – in this case, the fetus is better to cut the knife in half.
In Malaysia, sugar apples are used in cooking while making various desserts and soft drinks. (For example, a very delicious cocktail turns out if you mix the pulp of Annonas flake ice milk). The fruit of love for its extraordinary rich taste. Ripe fruit is very sweet and a bit like a cream cake. The only thing that does not love this fruit, it has many bones, from 20 to 40 pieces. As persimmon do not eat (by the way, read about the properties of persimmon ). In Thailand Naina costs about 50 baht per one kg.
Niacin – 0,65-0,93 mg
Ascorbic acid – 35 – 43 mg
A number of vitamins, which are rich in exotic fruit, have a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. While the use of vitamins of group “b” contributes to the growth and regeneration of tissues, increases endurance of muscles and is involved in the formation of collagen.
Also, the composition Naini are indispensable to human body amino acids :
Lysine 54-69 mg
Tryptophan 7-10 mg
Methionine – 6-8 mg
They participate in the construction of critical proteins and are the means of prevention of many viral infections.
The caloric content of sugar Apple (Noi Na) per 100 g pulp is 104 kcal, you can call it one of the most nutritious fruits. Also at this mass it contains:
Carbohydrates 19-25 g
Proteins 1,5 -2,5 g
Fat – 0.4 g
Calcium 17 mg
Due to its composition, the fruit quenches thirst and hunger, is an excellent source of nutrients, vitamins and minerals.
Also, the hand flake is widely used in folk medicine:
In India the pulp of ripe fruits are applied to tumours.
In Tropical America, a decoction of them is used as an excellent febrifuge.
And to ease rheumatic pain, patients are advised to take bath with the decoction of the leaves of sugar Apple.
In El Salvador, unripe fruits are used in diarrhea.
The bark decoction is effective in dysentery.