The cultivation of medicinal herbs
Many gardeners spend summer cottages and farmlands beds for growing herbs and shrubs. It successfully cultivated as an exotic and familiar herbs from ginseng to St. John’s wort lemongrass and mint.
The plot of medicinal plants is surrounded by a defensive strip. This is suitable for Seabuckthorn. the rose hips. Kalina.
If without protective strip, the bushes placed in the vicinity of Alpine slide or on it.
Medicinal herbs are grown on flat area or on the terraces, to better take into account the characteristics and requirements of plants to light, humidity, composition of the soil.
A lot is known about the medicinal properties of ginseng . Growing it requires a lot of patience. Ginseng is propagated by seeds. Before sowing the seeds stratified: mixed with peat and sand, is moistened and kept in the refrigerator (or other cold place) at a temperature of 3-5 degrees. Periodically, the mixture of the substrate with the seed mix. When the shell of the seed cracks, they are ready for planting.
Ginseng is sown in greenhouses or deep drawers. The soil is well fertilized with humus by adding 30 % sand. Plants harmful direct sunlight, shade panels or frosted glass. In the first vegetation period jensenbrazil one triple leaf. For the second period (spring) ginseng is transplanted in an open soil with good drainage (culture does not tolerate waterlogged). On the third or fourth year the plants provide color. To use the roots of ginseng on the seventh, eighth year.
Ginseng can be grown in room conditions. Choose a pot with a capacity of 8-10 litres, drilling on each side additional holes for aeration. The humidity in the room should not fall below 75 % and the temperature is 17-22 degrees Celsius in summer and 0 degrees in the winter (pots stand in the basement ).
The usual St. John’s wort is a traditional medicinal plant from Ukraine. It is perennial, propagated by seeds. Sow seeds just under the soil surface in rainy weather. The following year St. John’s wort flowering and ready to use. Sometimes the blooms fall again.
Oregano (motherboard) was grown and propagated as St. John’s wort. Often both species are planted nearby. The contrast of flowering and the length of this period makes the oregano and St. John’s wort is a wonderful local material for landscaping. They are planted and flower beds or low borders along the alleys.
The fragrant material of origanum (the tops of flowering shoots up to 30 cm) is used to treat intestinal diseases, gargle. as a diaphoretic and even against toothache. Long in the broth oregano bathed children. applying these baths as a preventive of hardening of the body .
Kalina . Any part of decorate guelder rose shrub with bright red fruits. They are used as a tonic for colds, as a diuretic and as a source of ascorbic acid. Has medicinal value and the bark of viburnum. It is included in the form of decoctions and extracts in the composition of drugs for the treatment of uterine bleeding.
Viburnum is grown primarily by seed. Pre-seeds subjected to stratification (mixed with sand, to keep low temperature 1 to 5° Celsius) for three months. Viburnum grows best on moist humus soils with sufficient lighting.
Valerian . Widely known medicinal properties of Valerian. It grows in the lower reaches of boggy meadows. Valerian is propagated by seeds or rhizomes. Seeds are sown in moist and humus-rich soil. Growing, culture forms dense thickets.
Medicinal properties have rhizomes and roots of Valerian. Raw materials used for treatment of nervous system, insomnia and gastric diseases and as a source of drugs against heart disease.
Lichens are not without reason called the indicators of clean air, they subtly react to the presence of the air sulphur oxides of nitrogen fluoride. If the concentration of sulfur dioxide in the air exceeds 0.3 mg/m3, lichens do not grow there.
Along with medicinal plants need to know poisonous plants: ipecac henbane; or the poisonous Hemlock milestones — reminiscent of parsley with a tubular stem, when crushed — an unpleasant odor; berries crow’s eyes; berries of Lily of the valley; Daphne (bright red oval berries), castor bean (seeds resemble beans), belladonna (belladonna) — black berries similar to cherries or black currants; the dope (large leaves, white-pink flowers).